Wallhaven圖片爬蟲

轉載自阳光流淌007

#_*_ coding:utf-8 _*_
#__author__=’阳光流淌007'
#__date__=’2018–01–28'
#爬取wallhaven上的的图片,支持自定义搜索关键词,自动爬取并该关键词下所有图片并存入本地电脑。
import os
import requests
import time
from lxml import etree
from threading import Thread

keyWord = input(f”{‘Please input the keywords that you want to download :’}”)
class Spider():
#初始化参数
def __init__(self):
self.headers = {#headers是请求头,”User-Agent”、”Accept”等字段可通过谷歌Chrome浏览器查找!
“User-Agent”: “Mozilla/5.0(WindowsNT6.1;rv:2.0.1)Gecko/20100101Firefox/4.0.1”,
}
self.proxies = {#代理ip,当网站限制ip访问时,需要切换访问ip
“http”: “http://61.178.238.122:63000”,
}
#filePath是自定义的,本次程序运行后创建的文件夹路径,存放各种需要下载的对象。
self.filePath = (‘E:/’+ keyWord + ‘/’)

def creat_File(self):
#新建本地的文件夹路径,用于存储网页、图片等数据!
filePath = self.filePath
if not os.path.exists(filePath):
os.makedirs(filePath)

def get_pageNum(self):
#用来获取搜索关键词到的结果总页面数,用totalPagenum记录。由于数字是夹在形如:1,985 Wallpapers found for “dog”的string中,
#所以需要用个小函数,提取字符串中的数字保存到列表numlist中,再逐个拼接成完整数字。。。
total = “”
url = (“https://alpha.wallhaven.cc/search?q={}&categories=111&purity=100&sorting=relevance&order=desc").format(keyWord)
html = requests.get(url,headers = self.headers,proxies = self.proxies)
selector = etree.HTML(html.text)
pageInfo = selector.xpath(‘//header[@class=”listing-header”]/h1[1]/text()’)
string = str(pageInfo[0])
numlist = list(filter(str.isdigit,string))
for item in numlist:
total += item
totalPagenum = int(total)
return totalPagenum

def main_fuction(self):
#count是总图片数,times是总页面数
self.creat_File()
count = self.get_pageNum()
print(“We have found:{} images!”.format(count))
times = int(count/24 + 1)
j = 1
start = time.time()
for i in range(times):
pic_Urls = self.getLinks(i+1)
start2 = time.time()
threads = []
for item in pic_Urls:
t = Thread(target = self.download, args = [item,j])
t.start()
threads.append(t)
j += 1
for t in threads:
t.join()
end2 = time.time()
print(‘This page cost:’,end2 — start2,’s’)
end = time.time()
print(‘Total cost:’,end — start,’s’)

def getLinks(self,number):
#此函数可以获取给定numvber的页面中所有图片的链接,用List形式返回
url = (“https://alpha.wallhaven.cc/search?q={}&categories=111&purity=100&sorting=relevance&order=desc&page={}").format(keyWord,number)
try:
html = requests.get(url,headers = self.headers,proxies = self.proxies)
selector = etree.HTML(html.text)
pic_Linklist = selector.xpath(‘//a[@class=”jsAnchor thumb-tags-toggle tagged”]/@href’)
except Exception as e:
print(repr(e))
return pic_Linklist

def download(self,url,count):
#此函数用于图片下载。其中参数url是形如:https://alpha.wallhaven.cc/wallpaper/616442/thumbTags的网址
#616442是图片编号,我们需要用strip()得到此编号,然后构造html,html是图片的最终直接下载网址。
string = url.strip(‘/thumbTags’).strip(‘https://alpha.wallhaven.cc/wallpaper/')
html = ‘http://wallpapers.wallhaven.cc/wallpapers/full/wallhaven-' + string + ‘.jpg’
pic_path = (self.filePath + keyWord + str(count) + ‘.jpg’ )
try:
start = time.time()
pic = requests.get(html,headers = self.headers)
f = open(pic_path,’wb’)
f.write(pic.content)
f.close()
end = time.time()
print(f”Image:{count} has been downloaded,cost:”,end — start,’s’)

except Exception as e:
print(repr(e))

spider = Spider()
spider.main_fuction()

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Machine Learning / Deep Learning / Python / Flutter cakeresume.com/yanwei-liu

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