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init — Create an empty GIT repository in your development directory

  1. Go to directory
  2. git init

status — Show the current state of the repository including un-added and un-committed files

  • git status

add — Add a file to the repository staging area

  1. Create a file, e.g. file.txt
  2. git add file.txt

Add all new or changed files to the repository staging area (the period means all)

  • git add .

commit — Commit all changes to the repository for first time (-m means message)

  • git commit –m “Initial commit

Commit all changes to the repository for later activities

  • git commit –m “Description of changes being made to project

branch — Create a new branch of the project

  1. Choose a name for the new branch (original branch is master), e.g. test
  2. git branch test

List all branches (* appears next to current branch)

  • git branch

checkout Switch branches and check-out all files (e.g. to test branch)

  • git checkout test

Create a new branch and check-out files in one command

  • git checkout –b test

merge — Merge two branches together (go to the destination branch first, e.g. master)

  1. git checkout master
  2. git merge test

(delete) — Delete a branch that you no longer need (e.g. after a merge)

  • git branch test –d

Or to force the delete:

  • git branch test –D

log — View commit history (including long commit ID numbers)

  • git log

revert — Revert all files back to a previous commit point

  • git revert <long commit ID from the log command>

rm -cache

  • Removes cache from a specific file so that it can be added to the .gitignore

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